About Us:

Instructor Labs research simulation technology and Android's flexibility to innovate ways that aren't possible on other platforms through mobile Apps; At the same time developing training manuals and guides. Android's reach allows training institutions to get programs out to more people, and the diversity of devices and networks means more affordable smart phones for more people. Our laboratory is a facility that provides controlled conditions in which technological research, experiments, and measurement are performed. Our scientific research take many forms because of the differing requirements of specialists in the various fields of science and engineering. In some laboratory projects, such as those commonly used by computer scientists, computers are used for either simulations or the analysis of data collected elsewhere. As technicians, Instructors labs builds and test technological devices. i.e Our Test mobile Training App (beta) contains Images and Videos (Video illustrations and Audio) which are the key learning points and the tutorials offered are then reproduced in the mobile app as an aid to any learner together with a self-study guides. For more click on the link: K53 Training App

Saturday, July 2, 2016

K53 App Development Project


This concept was initiated in 2014 in order to address the need and the opportunity to leverage independent driving instructors in the driver education program. The concept has grown from simple school and the material has been a useful preparation tool in advance of practical driving lessons. This material can also be revisited at any time throughout learning to drive and also to help outline the main rules and considerations for various topics.

The driver training program covers around 40 lessons, varying from 15 to 25 minutes each with a total of 18hours for the Learenr's License Theory and 25hours for the Driver's License Practical tests. The most important characteristics of the program:

Training Material cover a number of important functions in learning: A mobile app which provides support and gives advanced feedback to the student continuously. Student Assessment System generates detailed reports of student progress. Strength/Weakness analysis provides quick overview of strong points and weak points of skill development which has become a complete training program for driver training. The training material emphasizes safe driving and eco-driving. Highly configurable and easy to use user interface. As you may want to refer back to this app in the future why not add to your favorites list and tell a friend if you find this site helpful!



K53 is a Graduated driver licensing systems (GDLS) designed to provide new drivers of motor vehicles with driving experience and skills gradually over time in low-risk environments. Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) first commenced in Australia in the mid 1960s with New South Wales introducing provisional licences on 4 January 1966. Learner licences had been in use since 1952. The provisional phase was for 12 months and had 40 mph (64.37km/h)speed restriction. Today in all Australian states, newly licensed drivers are required by law to display P-plates for varying lengths of time. The P is usually a red or green letter on a white background or a white letter on a red or green background (Victoria & Western Australia only). In New South Wales and Victoria there are two classes of provisional licence, red P-plates are for the first year after passing the Learner test and then after passing a computerised test they are green for two to three years. Western Australia requires six months of red P-plates, where provisional drivers are under a 12 am – 5 am curfew, and one and a half years of green P-plates. In South Africa, a time-based graduated licensing system is used. To attain a full driving license, an individual must first attain a 'Learner's license'. The individual must be 16 to obtain a motor cycle learner's licence; 17 years old to be able to attain a learner's license to operate a 'light motor vehicle', and 18 years old to be able to attain a learner's license to operate a heavy duty motor vehicle. Once the learner's license is issued, the individual has two years to attain their full license.The K53 system is the correct standard. We provide learner drivers with a K53 study manuals and also locate a qualified, professional driving instructor near you. It is recommended that learner drivers secure the assistance of a qualified, professional driving instructor. The number (53) given was based on proposals submitted in the 1980's and then the reworked versions were upgraded numerically.

 In 1997 the Department of Education introduced outcomes-based education to overcome the curricular divisions of the past, but the experience of implementation prompted a review in 2000. This led to the first curriculum revision: the Revised National Curriculum Statement Grades R-9 and the National Curriculum Statement Grades 10-12 (2002).

From 2012 the two 2002 curricula, for Grades R-9 and Grades 10-12 respectively, are combined in a single document and will simply be known as the National Curriculum Statement Grades R-12. The National Curriculum Statement for Grades R-12 builds on the previous curriculum but also updates it and aims to provide clearer specification of what is to be taught and learned on a term-by-term basis.

The Department encourages inclusivity to become a central part of the organisation, planning and teaching at each institution. This can only happen if all Driving Instructor(s) have a sound understanding of how to recognise and address barriers to learning, and how to plan for diversity.

Life Orientation is the study of the self in relation to others and to society. It addresses skills, knowledge, and values about the self, the environment, responsible citizenship, a healthy and productive life, social engagement, recreation and physical activity, careers and career choices. These include opportunities to engage in the development and practice of a variety of life skills to solve problems, to make informed decisions and choices and to take appropriate actions to live meaningfully and successfully in a rapidly changing society. It not only focuses on knowledge, but also emphasises the importance of the application of skills and values in real-life situations, participation in physical activity, community organisations and initiatives.

Motorcycle Rider Training

With motorcycle accidents on the rise and loss of lfe ever increasing, a positive effort is needed. Motorcycle accidents can be caused by various factors, from single to multiple vehicle; these factors are can be prevented through training. Our motorcycles and scooters are small and lightweight, so you can concentrate on learning the skills of safe riding. By attending one of our riding courses, learner rider will participate in detailed discussions related to the theory and physics of controlling the motorcycle and follow practical demonstrations under the watchful eye of an experienced instructor. 

NOTE: Never, under any circumstances, buy a motorcycle that
cannot keep up with traffic.
A major safety problem with motorcycles is other vehicles,
especially cars and trucks. Very often they really don’t see
you, although you are in plain sight. When driving in traffic,
their brain starts looking for other cars and trucks, and
completely ignores a motorcycle, scooter, or bicycle
because it does not conform to the appearance your brain
has sensitized itself to. They say, after they have run you
off the road or hit you, “But, officer, I didn’t see him!” And
they mean it. Their brain screened you out as not relevant
since you did not look like a car or truck.
This problem is compounded if your movement is such
that it does not conform to the rest of traffic. If you are
going slower than traffic (or faster) they are likely to miss
seeing you, and if they do, they are likely to assume you
are moving at the same speed as the rest of the traffic
and misjudge their actions around you
When I studied driving safety while cramming for my
license, back in 2000’s, I remember reading an
article about a study that showed that for every 10 km/h
per hour your speed differed from that of the traffic flow,
you doubled your chance of having an accident. This was
true for 10 km/h faster and ten km/h slower. If the traffic
is moving at 60, and you are going 50, you are twice as
likely to have an accident, and if you are only going 40,
you are 4 times as likely to have an accident.
So you have two considerations: one, drivers of cages
often don’t see you, and, two, going at a different speed
from the traffic flow increases your chance of accident.
Therefore, when you buy a motorcycle, make sure that you
can go at least fast enough to keep up with traffic......

K53 Motorcycle Rider Training Program

Overview of the Program

This is a practical exercise to teach the learner rider how to ride a motorcycle and consists of:
» a pre-trip inspection;
» a starting procedure; and
» a riding skills exercise.

The assessment is a measure of the motorcycle rider's:
» competence in handling a motorcycle;
» compliance with traffic rules, road signs and surface markings; and
» use of the K53 system of vehicle control.

Our program has been designed for riders of solo (two-wheeled) motorcycles, and not for three-wheeled (tricycle) or four-wheeled (quad-bike) motorcycles, nor for a motorcycle with a sidecar. During the program, you will not be allowed to smoke or use a cell phone.

Program Structure

Part One:
» pre-trip inspection of the motorcycle's roadworthiness;
» starting and stopping the engine;
» speed management and control;
» moving off and turning left;
» changing lane to the right; and
» stopping on an incline and then moving off, without rolling back.

Part Two:
» turning speed judgement (to the left and to the right);
» emergency stops;
» emergency swerves to the left and to the right; and
» stopping in a controlled manner.

Throughout the test, the following items will be marked with penalty points as necessary:
» violation of a traffic law;
» uncontrolled actions;
» dangerous actions;
» collisions; and
» mechanical failure.

Prior to the commencement of a manoeuvre, an instructor(s) will give the learner rider the instructions and explanation only when the motorcycle is stationary. Immediately after moving off, 

Full Day - For those who have never been on a race track before.
This includes:
  • All theory and practical lessons 
  • Personal interaction with a professional instructor 
  • Additional riding equipment 
  • A fully serviced, ready motorbike with fuel. 

Rules of the road
The rules of the road are there to regulate traffic flow, to ensure safety, and to protect the rights of individual road users. There are rules for speed limits, lane discipline, parking and lights. It is compulsory to obey the rules of the road, and compliance with this aspect of road traffic law will greatly reduce the possibility of accidents, injury and death on the roads.
Road signs
You must know the meanings of the various road signs, traffic signals and road surface markings, and how to respond to them when you see them on the road. Study the overview given in our K53 Theory Manual well and you will more easily understand and remember all the road signs, signals and road markings detailed in the various road signs chapters of the Manual.
Vehicle controls
Vehicle controls and instruments are items such as the steering wheel (handlebars for motorcycles), brakes, clutch pedal, accelerator pedal, speedometer, and so on. You must know what each control is used for.

K53 Training Driving Program

Purpose and conditions
This is a practical driving program to offer the learner driver the ability to operate a motor vehicle and/or motorcycle. The driving program also equips a driver with proficiency in:
  • handling the vehicle
  • obedience to traffic rules
  • road signs
  • traffic signals and surface markings
  • correct application of the K53 defensive driving system through all aspects of driving
  • coping with traffic problems in practical driving situations

You may not practice in a light motor vehicle that is less than 3 m in length. During the lesson, smoking and the use of cellular phones are not allowed.

Modules 1, 2, & 3 (4 hours)
 - Glossary (Route Planning)
    Lesson 1: Identification of vehicle components (Pre-trip Inspection)
    Lesson 2: Use of mirrors, Observation sequence and Signalling
    Lesson 3: Starting procedure, Moving-off and Changing gears (Clutch control)

Modules 4, 5, & 6 (3 hours)
  - Yard Exercise (Obstacle Maneuver)
    Lesson 4: Incline start
    Lesson 5: Parallel parking
    Lesson 6: Alley docking

Modules 7, 8, & 9 (3 hours)
  - Yard and Road exercise (Vehicle Maneuver)
     Lesson 7: Turn-on-the-Road
     Lesson 8: Handling of vehicle (Moving-off, Steering and Stopping)
     Lesson 9: Basic Advanced driving (Speed control, Hazard identification, and Driving Psyschology)

Modules 10, 11, & 12 (3 hours)
  - Road exercise (City driving)
     Lesson 10: Speed control
     Lesson 11: Lane changing, Overtaking and Intersection maneuvers
     Lesson 12: Traffic lights, Circles and Round-abouts

Modules 13, 14 & 15 (2 hours)
  - Summary of Yard and Road test

 What the test covers:
» A pre-trip inspection of the vehicle's roadworthiness.

» A yard test of your basic manoeuvring skills, away from traffic:
     » starting the engine;
     » moving off;
     » turning around in the road: 'three-point-turn' (light vehicles only);
     » alley docking: reversing into an alley, and driving out again;
     » parallel parking (light vehicles only);
     » stopping and moving off on an incline;
     » left turn (light vehicles if towing a trailer, and heavy vehicles); and
     » reversing in a straight line (light vehicles if towing a trailer, and heavy vehicles).

» A road test conducted on public roads carrying traffic, including the following situations where available:
     » obeying traffic signals;
     » changing lanes;
     » overtaking;
     » speed control;
     » turning left and right at intersections;
     » proceeding through an intersection;
     » uncontrolled intersections;
     » obeying yield signs and traffic lights;
     » stopping in traffic;
     » stopping at a stop sign;
     » a traffic circle;
     » a railway level crossing;
     » a pedestrian crossing;
     » entering a freeway;
     » leaving a freeway;
     » passing a freeway off-ramp and on-ramp;
     » overtaking on a freeway; and

Parallel parking

The dimensions of the space you need to get into are about 7m long (275,5 in) and 2,6m wide (102 in) and your wheels mustn't be more than 45cm (17, 7 in) from the kerb when you complete the manoeuvre. You have 2 attempts for the parallel park, and you have to complete the parallel park in 3 moves upon entry. You have unlimited moves to get out of the bay.

Turning procedure

The driver of a vehicle on a public road who desires to turn to the left shall, before reaching the point at which he or she intends to turn, indicate, in the manner prescribed in these regulations, his or her intention to turn and shall steer his vehicle as near to the left side of the roadway on which he or she is travelling as circumstances may permit and shall make such turn with due care and merge into such traffic stream as may at the time be proceeding along, towards or into the public road into which he desires to turn.

Except in order to avoid an accident, or in compliance with a road traffic sign or with a direction given by a traffic officer, or for any cause beyond the control of the driver, no person shall stop a vehicle on the roadway of a public road –

(a) alongside or opposite an excavation or obstruction on the public road if other traffic would be obstructed or endangered by such stopping;
(b) within any tunnel or subway or on any bridge or within six metres of any tunnel, subway or bridge;
(c) on, or within six metres from the beginning or end of, any part of such roadway where the normal width thereof has for any reason been constricted;
(d) in contravention of any road traffic sign;
(e) on the right-hand side of such roadway facing oncoming traffic;
(f) alongside or opposite any other vehicle on such roadway where such roadway is less than nine metres wide;
(g) within the railway reserve at a level crossing;
(h) within nine metres of his or her approaching side of a pedestrian crossing demarcated by appropriate road traffic signs; or
(i) in any other place where the stopping of a vehicle would or would be likely to constitute a danger or an obstruction to other traffic.

The Role of a Driving Instructor

The Driver Training Instructor is responsible for teaching clients how to successfully and safely operate a motor vehicle according to the necessary legislative guidelines (K53) and to assist in the development of client confidence in their ability to drive.

1. Key Duties and Responsibilities:
To provide individual instructions to teach a topics and skills related to the successful and safe operating of a vehicle. Instruct and monitor clients in the use and care of motor vehicles to prevent injury and damage. Monitor student performance to make suggestions for improvement and to ensure that clients satisfy K53 standards, for the successful completion of the driving licence. Observe clients to determine limitations, abilities, and other individual characteristics. Instruct clients to perform various activities related to the operating of a vehicle. Assisting clients in their preparation for their driving licence tests.

Scope of Work:
(i) Determine the suitability of an applicant and motor vehicle for a driving lesson:
- Identification of applicants` identity and information is corroborated
- The suitability of a class of vehicle for the appropriate lesson
- Conduct yard driving lesson supervision according to minimum requirements

(ii) The yard driving lesson is prepared according to prescribed standards:
- Pre-trip inspection supervision is conducted according to the prescribed standards.
- A pre-trip assessment is scored according to prescribed standards.
- Yard test instructions are given as prescribed.
- Yard tests maneuvers and sequences are supervised in accordance with prescribed legislation.
- Preparation and Evaluation of the applicants` adherence to the principles of the system of vehicle control as prescribed.
- Follow procedures in case of collisions or mechanical failure as prescribed.
- Yard test manoeuvre penalties are recorded according to the prescribed standards.
- Follow procedure to inform applicants of the yard test results as per prescribed standard.

(iii) Conduct driving licence road lesson in accordance with minimum requirements:
- Road test routes (including simulated exercises) are planned in accordance with prescribed requirements.
- Giving directive instructions as prescribed.
- The principles of the system of vehicle control by the learner are evaluated as prescribed.
- Prepare and Evaluate the learners ability to describe the procedures to be followed in case of collisions/mechanical failure as prescribed.
- Determine Penalty points of the Road Test results including the stop watch time calculation according to the prescribed formula.
- Discuss Assessment results with the applicant as prescribed.

2. Administration Role and Responsibilities:
Manage administrative functions including but not limited to, taking receipt of lesson payments, reconciling monthly balance statements, receipt book, client book. Ensure that monies are paid in on a daily basis, at the office and ethically managed. Ensure that bookings are verified with the Accounting officer on a regular basis. Engage in behaviours that are both professional and respectful when interacting with clients, co-workers and other outside the business. Ensure that vehicles are at all time clean and in a working condition. Ensure that all requirements of the warranty of the motor vehicle are adhered to specifically; the service of vehicle in accordance with the scheduled service intervals.

Scope of Work:

Monthly Balance Statement Reconciliation.
Reconciling the Balance Sheet is very important for a business; it confirms and ensures that everything on the Balance Sheet is accurate. Business owners need an accurate Balance Sheet to clearly understand the company’s financial position. It is critical for outside advisors such as bankers to evaluate the credit worthiness of the business. Every account on the Balance Sheet needs to be reconciled when an accounting period is being closed; this ensures accuracy of the data. Some of the most important accounts that need to be reconciled are the cash accounts, inventory, prepaid expenses, accounts receivable, and accrued liabilities.

(i) Reconciliation of Cash Book Balance
The bank balance should match what is currently in the accounting software with the difference of uncleared checks. If the two do not tie, the Driver Training Instructor cannot move forward with reconciling the Balance Sheet. The services of an accounting officer will then be required to Identify the discrepancy and to make sure everything that cleared the bank is recorded in the financial software. Any uncleared transactions more than 30 days old need to have an explanation from the Driver Training Instructor as to why it has not cleared the bank yet.

(ii) Reconciliation of Inventory (Training Aid, Books, Stationary, etc)
A Driver Training Instructor is required to perform an inventory count at the end of the accounting period. The physical inventory on hand should match the book balance. If there is discrepancy between the two, the physical count will take presidance and an inventory adjustment report will be made by the Accounting officer and further, identify what is causing the discrepancy. Possibly uncovering theft, fraud or abuse through this process.

(iii) Reconciliation of Prepaid Expenses
This is an asset account. It is used by the Accounting officer to defer the recognition of the expenses previously paid until the services/goods have been used. The procedure to reconciling this account is assuring that all the closing journal entries have been made and the balance at month end matches the prepaid expense schedule that is used to calculate the monthly expense.

(iv) Reconciliation of Accounts Receivable
This account is very important and determines how much money which should be collected and when. Driver Trainer Instructor must ensure that all the data in this account is accurate. The Accounting Officer will then find out if there are any invoices that need to be written off or need to be followed up with. Any item in this account that is above 90 days past due needs to have an explanation as to why it is 90 days past due.

(v) Reconciliation of accrued liability
This account is exactly the opposite of the Prepaid Expense account. This account holds a balance that is owed for services/goods that the business has used, but not yet paid for. Reconciling this account is fairly similar to the Prepaid Expense account. The Accounting Officer will then match the book balance to the balance that is on the scheduled used to calculate the monthly adjustment to this account.

Vehicle Maintanance
The Driver Training Instructor must ensure the vehicle availability meets all requests by capturing, scheduling, forecasting and surveying current user trends by maintaining knowledge, utilizing all vehicle information and client surveys to forecast new requirements. The Driver Training Instructor must schedule Special Event Planning, Oversee routine and ad hoc maintenance, ensure vehicle operation is in compliance with rules and regulations, Manage fuel purchase system with assistance of Accounting officer and Provide direction to regulate budget cycle requirements.

The K53 Training Program is designed to protect inexperienced learner drivers while they are learning to drive and to support them as they develop the skills, confidence and appropriate behaviour to share the road safely with others. The program consists of 15 one hour lesson plan that are linked to 12 specific ‘high risk’ road safety issues and start the learner driver off on the road to becoming a better, safer driver. The 15 lessons on their own will not be sufficient to become a safe driver. Applying the feedback of your Instructor, getting lots of practice, studying the recommended material are all vital. Learners may also wish to discuss the need for additional driving lessons with their Instructors – however this is something that should be agreed by both parties.
What makes our program essential is the fact that we require all learner to have a Sponsor (collegue, family member, friend, etc) which is a vital part of the learning process, and the role of the Sponsor is an essential part of the learning to drive process. Their role is to accompany and support the learner driver as they practise and build on the skills they have learned in their lessons with the Instructor. Therefore it is essential that the learner driver chooses a person with whom they feel comfortable and who has had their full driver’s licence for a minimum of two years and has over 120 hours of driving experience. We recommends that the learner driver practises the skills learned in each compulsory K53 Training Program lesson plan with their Sponsor for at least two hours before their next lesson.

One of the most important decisions you will make as you consider learning to drive as a learner driver is who to choose as your Sponsor. This is a hugely important role and so it is vital that choose a person you feel comfortable with and who demonstrates safe driving behaviour that you can learn from. This might be a parent, uncle or sibling, but it must be someone who can make the commitment to contribute their time to helping you to become a safe and competent driver. The K53 Training Program lesson plan on it's own is not sufficient – it is your responsibility as a learner driver to continue to practise between lessons so that you can build on the skills you have learned with your Instructor. This is a critical part of the learning to drive process and will help you to become a lifelong safe driver.


For more clink on the link: K53 Training Program